Overseas, the Canadian Expeditionary Force grew from one division to a full Canadian Corps commanded after 1917 by a Canadian, Lieutenant-General Sir Arthur William Currie. Sir Robert Laird Borden, PC, GCMG, KC (June 26, 1854 – June 10, 1937) was a Canadian lawyer and politician. Borden led Canada through one of the most difficult periods in its history. Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden began his political career as a staunch Imperialist, and during his years as Leader of the Opposition he frequently criticized Sir Wilfrid Laurier's policies concerning Britain. H. Borden, ed., Robert Laird Borden: His Memoirs (1938) and Letters to Limbo (1971); R. Borden, Canadian Constitutional Studies (1922) and Canada in the Commonwealth (1929); R. Craig Brown, Robert Laird Borden, 2 vols. Sir Robert Laird Borden, a unilingual Conservative lawyer born in Grand-Pre, Nova Scotia in 1854, became his party's leader in 1901, endured electoral setbacks in 1904 and 1908, and became prime minister following the Conservative victory of 1911. He orchestrated its enormous contribution to the war effort while managing growing social tensions and political problems at home. Robert Borden, the Conservative prime minister and a Halifax lawyer, imposed the Emergency War Measures Act, providing the government with wide-ranging powers to act. Sir Robert Borden (26 June 1854 – 10 June 1937) was the eighth Prime Minister of Canada, serving from 1911-1920, best known today for his leadership during World War I. Borden retired as prime minister in 1920. MEASURING THE SUCCESS OF CANADA'S WARS: THE HUNDRED DAYS OFFENSIVE AS A CASE STUDYA multilevel assessment of the Canadian Forces’ much vaunted “Hundred Days Offensive” in the final months of the First World War. (1975, 1980); Tim Cook, Warlords: Borden, Mackenzie King and Canada’s World Wars (2012); Martin Thornton, Sir Robert Borden: Canada: The Peace Conferences of 1919–23 and Their Aftermath (2010) and Churchill, Borden and Anglo-Canadian Naval Relations, 1911–14 (2013). But once in power, Borden saw the necessity of an independent position for Canada within the Empire. Sir Robert Borden was Canada’s prime minister from 1911 to 1920. Borden’s government introduced the first federal income tax to Canada and he nationalized the Canadian railways and he was responsible for WW1 conscription in 1917. Sir Robert Laird Borden, PC, GCMG, KC (June 26, 1854 – June 10, 1937) was a Canadian lawyer and politician. By spring 1917, he decided that compulsory military service would be necessary. Biography of William Lyon Mackenzie King, Canadian Prime Minister, Canadian Parliament Buildings Fire of 1916, Biography of Sir Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the UK, Jawaharlal Nehru, India's First Prime Minister, Biography of Emily Murphy, Canadian Women's Rights Activist, B.A., Political Science, Carleton University, Wartime Business Profits Tax of 1917 and the "temporary" Income Tax, the first direct taxation by the, Introduction of a professional public service, Chancellor, Queen's University 1924 to 1930, President, Canadian Historical Association 1930. In order to implement conscription, Robert Borden formed a coalition Union government with many Liberals. The Committee of Imperial Defence, as at present constituted, was established in 1904. After retiring from public life, he served as the chancellor of Queen's University. Sir Robert Borden is the first Colonial statesman who has attended a British Cabinet, a precedent which may be fruitful in immense Constitutional developments hereafter. Sir Robert BordenBrief article about the management of Canada’s role in the First World War by Sir Robert Borden’s government. Brown, Robert Craig, "Sir Robert Borden". Robert Borden is the prime minister who led Canada through the contentious years of World War I. Although a generally reserved man who did not enjoy public speaking, Borden believed that political life was a responsibility that successful men should take on for the public good. He pursued a successful career in business and served as chancellor of Queen's University 1924–30. 8th Prime Minister of Canada. After a brief formal education, he spent five years teaching at private academies in Nova Scotia and New Jersey. He also served as President of the Privy Council from 1911 to 1917, and as Secretary of State for External Affairs from 1912 to 1920. convulsion. He served as the eighth Prime Minister of Canada from October 10, 1911 to July 10, 1920, and was the third Nova Scotian to hold this office. Thanks for contributing to The Canadian Encyclopedia. Arthur Meighen became the next Prime Minister of Canada. He is best known for his leadership of Canada during World War I. By chance, Borden went from plain Robert to Sir Robert in June 1914, while the Komagata Maru was anchored in Burrard Inlet. Medical care for veterans and the establishment of a federal health department were among the conditions of the alliance with former Liberals. It was here that Robert Borden became interested in politics under the influence of the Charles Tupper family. Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. The End of The Minister's Career The criticism of the Minister from within his own party gradually led the Prime Minister, Sir Robert Laird Borden, to tighten the reins on Hughes. The election resulted in Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden 's Unionist government elected with a strong majority and the largest percentage of the popular vote for any party in Canadian history. Arthur Meighen … From the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. The eighth prime minister of Canada, Borden was a Halifax lawyer, leader of the Liberal-Conservative Party 1901–20, and architect of the Conservative victory in the "Reciprocity Election" of 1911. Tips to keep in mind for World Mental Health Day; Oct. 5, 2020 Returning to Nova Scotia in 1874 to article in law, he was admitted to the bar in 1878 and by 1890 headed a prestigious Halifax law firm. Prime Minister Presentation. Without a university education, however, his opportunities as a teacher were limited and he decided to train for a law career. From the Canadian War Museum. Robert Borden was first elected to the House of Commons in 1896. Prime Minister Robert Borden visits a wounded soldier just before his Union government was formed in 1917. Certainly Borden did not envisage that he would be Tupp… Sir Robert Borden was Canada’s Prime Minister from 1911 to 1920, leading the country during World War 1. He served in this position from 1911 to 1920 as a Conservative from Nova Scotia. Blog. Sir Robert Laird Borden, lawyer, politician, prime minister of Canada, 1911–20 (born 26 June 1854 in Grand Pré, NS; died 10 June 1937 in Ottawa, ON). But once in power, Borden saw the necessity of an independent position for Canada within the Empire. He was elected to Parliament in 1896 and in 1901 was selected by the Conservative caucus to succeed Sir Charles Tupper as leader of the Liberal-Conservative Party. —Sir Robert Borden, January 4, 1916 Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden began his political career as a staunch Imperialist, and during his years as Leader of the Opposition he frequently criticized Sir Wilfrid Laurier's policies concerning Britain. In 1896, Borden’s friend, Sir Charles Tupper, convinced him to run for election to the federal Parliament. He served as the eighth Prime Minister of Canada from October 10, 1911, to July 10, 1920, and was the third Nova Scotian to hold this office." Robert Borden was sworn in as Prime Minister of Canada in 1911. Robert Borden retired as Prime Minister of Canada in 1920. At the end of World War I, Canada ratified the Treaty of Versailles and joined the League of Nations as an independent nation. Sir Robert Laird Borden, lawyer, politician, prime minister of Canada, 1911–20 (born 26 June 1854 in Grand Pré, NS; died 10 June 1937 in Ottawa, ON). He was elected Leader of the Conservative Party in 1901 and was Leader of the Opposition from 1901 to 1911. The eighth prime minister of Canada, Borden was a Halifax lawyer, leader of the Liberal-Conservative Party 1901–20, and architect of the Conservative victory in the " Reciprocity Election" of 1911. Sir Robert Laird Borden, GCMG PC KC (June 26, 1854 – June 10, 1937) was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as the eighth prime minister of Canada, in office from 1911 to 1920. Over the next decade he worked to rebuild the Conservative Party and to establish a reform policy; the resulting Halifax Platform of 1907 called for, among other things, Senate and civil service reform as well as government regulation of railways, telegraphs and telephones. He spent ten years rebuilding the Conservatives before being elected as Prime Minister in 1911. He was also prime minister during the First World War and a leading figure in the achievement of "Dominion Status" and the transition from the British Empire to the British Commonwealth of Nations. The party was beginning a 15-year period in opposition, and within a few years Borden made a respectable reputation for himself in Parliament. In order to pass his controversial Military Service Act, Borden offered a political alliance to Liberal leader Sir Wilfrid Laurier. He was born in the farming community of Grand Pre, Nova Scotia and educated there. Borden was an ambitious man from a modest background. From 1868 to 1874 he worked as a teacher in Grand Pré and Matawan, New Jersey. Borden was the eighth prime minister of Canada and the last to be knighted. Library and Archives Canada, Department of National Defence, PA-000880 < Blood and the Ballot: Democracy on HoldA brief documentary about the divisive and bitter federal election of 1917 that centred on the conscription issue. Prime Minister Robert Borden led Canada through World War I, eventually committing 500,000 troops to the war effort. Borden believed that the distinguished record of the CEF at Ypres, Vimy Ridge and Passchendaele and in the final Hundred Days Campaign was the ultimate proof of the maturity of Canadian nationhood. Robert Borden also led in achieving Dominion status for Canada and was instrumental in the transition from the British Empire to the British Commonwealth of Nations. Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden began his political career as a staunch Imperialist, and during his years as Leader of the Opposition he frequently criticized Sir Wilfrid Laurier's policies concerning Britain. Sir Robert Borden's Role as Canadian Prime Minister 608 Words | 2 Pages “Our first duty is to win, at any cost!” Sir Robert Borden played an important role as Canadian Prime Minister during World War I, and while he is to be praised, he also to be held accountable for his actions; especially in the passing of Bills through parliament. Brown, Robert Craig. Practically all members of the British cabinet attend its deliberations fom time to time, and usually the more important members of the Cabinet are present. Borden was not known as a grand orator, although he was highly educated man who spoke French and German and could write Greek and Latin. Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden began his political career as a staunch Imperialist, and during his years as leader of the opposition he frequently criticized Sir Wilfrid Laurier's policies concerning Britain. Susan Munroe is a public affairs and communications professional based in Canada. After retiring from public life, he served as the chancellor of Queen's University. On January 30, 1928, a group of prominent Canadians met at Glensmere House in Ottawa, the home of former Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden, to form the Canadian Institute of International Affairs (CIIA), the predecessor of the Canadian International Council (CIC). He served as the eighth Prime Minister of Canada from October 10, 1911, to July 10, 1920, and was the third Nova Scotian to hold this office. Robert Borden retired as Prime Minister of Canada in 1920. But once in power, Borden saw the necessity of an independent position for Canada within the Empire. -- Sir Robert Borden, January 4, 1916. Sir Robert Laird Borden (June 26, 1854 - June 10, 1937) was the eighth Canadian Prime Minister, and served during World War I.Born in Grand Pré, Nova Scotia, Borden was the son of Andrew Borden and Eunice Laird.He was a lawyer by profession, called to the bar in 1878.. Borden was elected to the Canadian House of Commons first in 1896 and would become leader of the Conservative Party in 1901. War Leader. From the Canadian Military Journal. Sir Robert Borden wanted to continue in office, he passed a law where women could vote. Born on 26 June 1854 in Grand Pre, Nova Scotia, Borden gave up his studies at age 14 to become assistant master in classical studies at the school in which he was attending. But once in power, Borden saw the necessity of an independent position for Canada within the Empire. He was principal author of Resolution IX of the Imperial War Conference of 1917, which argued that Canada and the other dominions deserved recognition "as autonomous nations of an Imperial Commonwealth," which should have a “voice in foreign policy and in foreign relations.” Borden also insisted that Canada (and the other dominions) send delegates to the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, and that they sign the Versailles Treaty, as well. Sir Robert Laird BordenA biography of Sir Robert Laird Borden. The party leader, Sir Charles Tupper, was a doughty fighter but old and somewhat discredited in certain quarters, and after his defeat in the general election of 1900 there was a general feeling that his career was over. Robert Borden __ "Sir Robert Laird Borden, PC, GCMG, KC (June 26, 1854 June 10, 1937) was a Canadian lawyer and politician. He also served as President of the Privy Council from 1911 to 1917, and as Secretary of State for External Affairs from 1912 to 1920. Sir Robert Borden, in full Sir Robert Laird Borden, (born June 26, 1854, Grand Pré, Nova Scotia [Canada]—died June 10, 1937, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada), eighth prime minister of Canada (1911–20) and leader of the Conservative Party (1901–20), who played a decisive role—notably by insisting on separate Canadian membership in the League of Nations —in transforming the status of his country from that of … Robert Borden formed a Union Government of Liberals and Conservatives to implement conscription, but the conscription issue split the country bitterly - with the English supporting sending troops to help Britain and the French adamantly opposed. Borden's leadership during the First World War was remarkable. The Union government won the 1917 election but had only three Quebec members. . In his last years, he was recognized as an international statesman and firm advocate of the League of Nations. Robert Borden led the Conservatives to victory in the 1911 general election on a platform against reciprocity or free trade with the United States, defeating Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the Liberals. Sir Robert Laird Borden, lawyer, politician, prime minister of Canada, 1911–20 (born 26 June 1854 in Grand Pré, NS; died 10 June 1937 in Ottawa, ON). It consists of the Prime Minister of Great Britain and of such persons as he may summon to attend it. In 1896 Borden was elected to the House of Commons as a Conservative member for Halifax. (1854-1937). The following list is of explicit appearances of Sir Robert Borden. From CPAC. Under Borden, Canada also gained separate representation at the International Labour Organization and the League of Nations. By skilful political management Borden brought together a coalition of anti-Laurier groups (Liberal businessmen opposed to reciprocity, French Canadian Nationalistes opposed to the Naval Service Act, Conservative provincial administrations and his own parliamentary party) that defeated the Liberal Party. I wonder whether any of those whose delibera- One of the biggest challenges Borden faced was the collapse of the voluntary recruiting system; by late 1916, recruitment was failing to keep up with the losses sustained on the battlefront. Borden played a key role in establishing greater autonomy for Canada and other member countries of the British Empire. The previous election had been held in 1911 and was won by Borden's Conservatives. Although Laurier refused (most French Canadians vehemently opposed conscription), Borden managed to create a Union Government of pro-conscriptionist Conservatives and Liberals that supported the passage of the Act and won the bitterly contested general election of 1917. Borden, Sir Robert Laird, Prime Minister. Robert Borden by Kenneth K. Forbes When Robert Borden unseated Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier (1841-1919) in the 1911 federal election, many doubted he could fill … In order to implement conscription, Robert Borden formed a coalition Union government with many Liberals. Oct. 8, 2020. After the war, Sir Robert Borden went off to Paris to take part in Germany's surrender in the war. Borden was first elected in 1896 to the House of Commons and in 1901 he became leader of the Conservative party. It is not fitting that I should prolong this debate. The Union government won the 1917 election but had only three Quebec members. "Sir Robert Borden". Our team will be reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions. Borden was a self-made man. Sir Robert Borden, Prime Minister of Canada, declares his intentions regarding the First World War in the House of Commons on August 19th, 1914. . In 1911, he led the opposition to the Reciprocity Agreement, which had been negotiated by Sir Wilfrid Laurier's government with the United States, and forced a general election. An attorney by trade, he entered politics in 1896 and quickly rose to leader of the Conservative Party. This turned the tides for the election and he won the position of Prime minister again. Sir Robert Borden (1854-1937) served as Canada's wartime Prime Minister from 1911-20. 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