Noteworthy Characteristics. Sunlight Exposure: Plant Attributes: Attracts: Plant Type(s): Flowering Shrub. An excellent choice for wet sites, naturalized area or in the shrub border. Male and female holly flowers grow on different plants. The Southern Gentleman Holly is a tall male winterberry that is used to pollinate female winterberry plants. Light: Partial to full sun. There will be no berries on this shrub. It doesn't act like a holly. (The width should be on the plant tag of each.) Adaptable to wet soils, does well in light and heavy soils. One healthy male winterberry shrub produces enough flowers and pollen to effectively pollinate one to five nearby female winterberry plants according to Learn2Grow. First class pick for planting in saturated areas. Make sure you plant both male and female plants so you get the berry production. If you want your winterberry holly bushes to reproduce you need to plant a male and a female winterberry close enough to enable pollination. The majority of these are dioecious, so they require both a male and female plant within pollination distance of each other in order for the female to produce fruits. All you need is one Southern Gentleman Holly bush for every 5 to 10 female plants if you want a spectacular crop of beautiful berries. To encourage fruit production, plant at least one male bush for every four female plants. Winterberry Holly - Ilex verticillata - these produce a lot of berries in the winter. It doesn't look like a holly. Leaf spots and powdery mildew occasionally occur. Ilex verticillata, the winterberry, is a species of holly native to eastern North America in the United States and southeast Canada, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to Alabama.. Other names that have been used include black alder, Canada holly, coralberry, fever bush, Michigan holly, or winterberry holly.. These are pistillate (female) flowers. Winterberry likes medium to wet soil in full sun to partial shade. To ensure color, a male pollinator should be planted near a female winterberry. Both male and female plants produce flowers, but only fertilized flowers on female winterberry shrubs produce berries. Prune to shape in early spring just before new growth appears. Though it does not develop berries, it must be planted near one our female varieties in order for them to develop fruit. Male winterberry plants produce no berries, however, and are often grown only to pollinate female plants. Only fertilized female flowers will produce the attractive red berries that are the signature of the species. Save Photo. This deciduous species of holly, native to the eastern US and Canada, is a dense, multi-branched shrub. This is not an easy task. Golden Verboom Winterberry Growing and Maintenance Tips. Prune to shape in early spring just before new growth appears. If the female shrubs grow in separate parts of the landscape, 150 or more feet apart, plan on one male shrub in each distant cluster of up to five female plants. Winterberries are dioecious (separate male and female) plants. These are also native to North America. But not just any male holly—Winterberry's consort must be a gent with good timing as well, as both male and female plants need to be in bloom at the same time. Last updated: December 13, 2020 by December 13, 2020 by Bloom Time Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. One male plant will pollinate up to 5 female plants; plant within 50' of one another to assure good pollination. Average Size at Maturity: Slow growing; reaches 6 to 10 ft. tall and wide. Average Size at Maturity: Moderate growing; … Its slender branches are draped with small but plentiful berries from base to tip. Jim Dandy "Jim Dandy" is a male-flowering winterberry that is needed to pollinate other early-spring blooming female winterberry plants. Leaf undersides are white-hairy. One male winterberry plant produces adequate pollen for up to 10 female plants. But Winterberry Holly is unlike it's evergreen cousins. Details I. verticillata is a dense, suckering, deciduous shrub, growing to 2m tall, with bright green, oval to lance-shaped leaves with serrated margins. Most often, these shrubs require a male and a female plant to produce berries on the female plants. Although some plants may be tagged with their particular sex, this is rarely the case. 'Jim Dandy' is an early-blooming winterberry that produces male flowers in spring and is best partnered with a correlating early-blooming female winterberry. Flowers appear on new growth. Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. The ovule-bearing carpellate flowers develop into small, red berries. Therefore, for the best berry display, plant male and female plants together. The leaves do fall off in the winter, leaving a show of just the berries in the winter against the background of snow. And to somewhat complicate the matter, there are many different 'named varieties' of Winterberry (including Afterglow, Berry Heavy, Berry Nice, Red Sprite, Sparkleberry and Winter Red); and they bloom at different times. Ilex verticillata Winterberry Combo. Both male and female plants are needed for fruit. 'Southern Gentlemen' - This plant is a late-blooming male pollinator for 'Winter Red', 'Winter Gold', 'Capapon', 'Shaver', 'Sparkleberry' and other later blooming female clones. Therefore, it is oftentimes up to you to determine the difference. ‘Apollo’, ‘Raritan Chief’, ‘Jim Dandy’ and ‘Southern Gentleman’ are consorts readily available at nurseries that sell the female holly varieties. Only female shrubs can bear the decorative fruits that also provide food to famished songbirds. 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