Name also: Great Burdock, Beggar’s Buttons, Sticky Willie, Edible burdock, Lappa Burdock, Gobo, Family: Daisy Family – Compositae, subfamily Carduoideae. Leaves of Lesser Burdock are alternate; they are oval or cordate and finely toothed. greater burdock Arctium minus lesser burdock Arctium ×mixtum [Arctium minus × A. tomentosum] burrdock Arctium ×nothum [Arctium lappa × A. minus] burrdock Arctium tomentosum woolly burdock Arctium vulgare woodland burdock Legal Status. If so we are sure you would find our books Wonderful Wildflowers of Wales, vols 1 to 4, by Sue Parker and Pat O'Reilly very useful too. Stem branched, rough, usually sparsely hairy. Greater burdock has also spread to a certain extent to city yards and streets, even though construction work and pavements constantly reduce the amount of waste ground areas that suit the species. Arctium lappa is the main species used, though this species has similar properties. Gynoecium composed of 2 fused carpels. Lesser burdock, also called common burdock, was introduced from Europe in the 17th century for its medicinal and culinary purposes. Click on any of … This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The easiest way to tell them apart is that the latter is generally much larger. Greater burdock has been an important medicinal plant which has also been deliberately transplanted to new growing areas. © Copyright: Images: Jouko Lehmuskallio. lesser burdock synonyms, lesser burdock pronunciation, lesser burdock translation, English dictionary definition of lesser burdock. Greater Burdock vs Lesser Burdock? This species can spread rapidly through the dispersal of its hooked fruits, which attach themselves to clothing and animal fur. Woolly burdock (A. tomentosum; also known as downy burdock ), whose capitulum has a woolly covering, is much more common, as is the slightly smaller lesser burdock (A. minus). Stamens 5. Greater burdock in Finland is somewhat genteel in that it favours old cities and manor houses, forming stands in their avenues and gardens. Burdocks bloom from July until September, and they are generally found in shady places or on waste ground. Strong taproot. (Kasviatlas, University of Helsinki). Arctium minus, commonly known as lesser burdock, little burdock, louse-bur, common burdock, button-bur, cuckoo-button, or wild rhubarb, is a biennial plant.This plant is native to Europe, but has become introduced elsewhere such as Australia, North and South America, and other places.. Capitulum has no ray-florets, disk florets red (rarely white), tubular. Flower: Flowers form 3.5–4 cm (1.4–1.6 in.) The seed heads, or burs, have hooked bracts and become attached to the fur of animals; in this way the seeds are distributed. Lesser burdock can be distinguishes from greater burdock by its diminutive size and the channel along the top of leaf stalks, similar to rhubarb. Woolly Burdock, Alpine Saw-wort, Brown Knapweed, Cabbage Thistle, Carline Thistle, Cornflower, Cotton Thistle, Creeping Thistle, Curled Thistle, Giant Knapweed, Greater Knapweed, Lesser Burdock, Lesser Knapweed, Marsh Thistle, Melancholy Thistle, Milk Thistle, Musk Thistle, Perennial Cornflower, Persian Cornflower, Russian Globe Thistle, Spear Thistle, Welted Thistle, Wig Knapweed, Wood Burdock, Woolly Burdock. Flowers: A. minus has flower heads 1/2 to 1 inch wide, either stalkless or on short stalks and the flowers stick up above the bracts, whereas A. lappa has heads 1 to 1-1/2 inch wide, on long stalks the upper bracts are as long as the flowers. Lesser burdock is a tall (up to 6 ft. [1.8 m]) invasive biennial forb that occurs throughout the United States. Burdocks that grow together easily cross-breed, and part of the greater burdock stand is actually comprised of hybrids between greater and lesser burdock. The leaves are also thought to have anti-bacterial properties, and they can be wrapped around skin eruptions. It produces egg-shaped, thistle-like flower heads that appear in loose clusters and eventually give rise to the familiar sticky burs with their large hooks. Related Links. In southern Europe a tincture was made of its roots, which was used to externally treat skin diseases such as pustules, acne and boils. nope, it's cocklebur! Greater burdock plant grows about a meter in height. Growing form: Biennial herb. First-year plants form large rosettes. Starting in 1948 George de Mestral, a Swiss inventor, created Velcro after walking his dog and noticing the ‘burs’ from Burdock sticking to his dog. Legislated Because. Is this great burdock? Wood Burdock, Greater burdock is not really used in any practical way in Finland, and is collected only rarely. Many globose flower heads grow in panicles. Plants are cultivated for their slender roots, which can grow about 1 meter long and 2 cm across. → Distribution map → Distribution map (Kasviatlas, University of Helsinki) Other species from the same genus. This plant grows relatively tall therefore having deep roots which are brownish green, or nearly black on the outside. The Velcro-like burrs attach to one's clothing or animals' fur. Fun facts: Lesser burdock is used as a medicine, the dried root was considered an official drug as a blood purifier. Capitula borne in corymbose clusters. Identify species based on their characteristics! These burrs can cause eye, nose, and mouth injuries in livestock. Burdock collects nutrition for its roots for a whole year, sometimes more, before their flowering time. Flowers themselves are identical. Greater Burdock : Greater Burdock « Back . This prickly wildflower is not in fact a member of the dock family; it belongs to the daisy family, Asteraceae. Greater burdock has spread far into Asia, and in the East its thick roots are a prized dish and are used in much the same way as Spanish salsify (Scorzonera hispanica) is used in the West. Fruit: Flattish, gently curved, grey-brown, dark-spotted achene with short yellow hooked hairs on tip. Typically, the plant grows to a metre, with flower heads between 15 mm and 30 mm in diameter with florets that extend well beyond the tips of the surrounding bracts. It is extremely hardy, and has been found everywhere from the Northern Nordic countries to the mid-Mediterranean regions, and as far east as the Japanese islands and the Arabic nations. Lesser Burdock, Greater burdock is recognized by its feltless capitula and the yellow hooked tips of their involucral bracts. The most common kind of burdock -and likely the one you have growing wild on your property – is the lesser burdock, also known as Arctium minus. We hope that you have found this information helpful. wide, single flower-like capitula surrounded by involucral bracts. Like the common (or greater) burdock (Arctium lappa) there are many similaries between the two plants. The sure way to tell them apart is by the stem. Involucral bracts overlap in many rows, long, straggly, narrowly elliptic, rigid, light green, yellow, hook-tipped. Lesser Burdock can be found all over the UK and Ireland apart from inland mountainous areas of Scotland since it can tolerate a greater range of soils than can Greater Burdock. Stands are often very small, consisting of only a few tens of plants. Wetland Status. Burdock: Greater Than I Thought Each summer for at least the last two years, a Lesser Burdock plant has grown just on the afternoon-sunny side of some mature trees in our garden. While generally out of favor in modern European cuisine, it remains popular in Asia, particularly in Japan where A. lappa (Greater burdock) is called gobō (牛蒡 or ゴボウ). Height: 90–200 cm (35–80 in.). Its broad, heart-shaped, coarse leaves feature deep-green on the top and light green on the underside similar to that of in rhubarb.In the summer, its thick hairy stems of about 5 feet in length bear red-purple tubular flowers, which subsequently develop into seed-heads or burrs with hooked spines. I'm guessing the Greater (Arctium Lappa) has the bigger root. lesser burdock. Blade triangular–broadly ovate, usually cordate based, with toothed margins, underside white-grey-cottony. - click for video - Flowers. Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Asterales - Family: Asteraceae. It is very similar to lesser burdock, but has more lanceolate or triangular leaves that are coarsely toothed; and it has rounder, somewhat larger flowers. Terms of use - Privacy policy - Disable cookies - External links policy. All rights reserved. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law. Hollow petiole to the basal leaves. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The basal rosette of leaves stays close to the ground the first year and the beginning of the second. Interpreting Wetland Status. Uses Food and drink . growing apples from seeds vs. cloning. In Asia Burdock is still used to this day where it is collected commercially and called Gobo. Posts: 23. posted 4 years ago. Lesser burdock is a tall, broad-leaved plant with hollow stems and clusters of short-stemmed, purple, brush-like flower heads which appear from July to September. Disc … The bracts of the flower heads end in hooked bristles (a bur) which catch on fur and clothing, allowing the seed to be spread over a large area. In flower, the head is more or less corymbose (i.e the lower flowers have longer stalks, so that the inflorescence is virtually flat-topped). By Tom Cowley. Burdock root is available as a tea, an herbal tincture, a crushed powder that a person can take in pill form, and as a decoction, which is a liquid made from boiling the herb. A stout flowering stalk is formed in the second year. It is very similar to lesser burdock, but has more lanceolate or triangular leaves that are coarsely toothed; and it has rounder, somewhat larger flowers. A tall plant, Greater burdock has large, downy, heart-shaped leaves with wavy margins. Involucre virtually spherical, flattish, open when ripe, (almost) glabrous. The taproot of young burdock plants can be harvested and eaten as a root vegetable. Stem leaves are large, heart-shaped, and very hairy on the undersides. It grows most commonly in the Hämeenlinna district, not too far from Helsinki. Greater burdock is recognized by its feltless capitula and the yellow hooked tips of their involucral bracts. Habitat: Yards and roadsides, around old dwelling areas, also rubbish tips and mill areas. Burdock is best recognized as a stout, common weed with annoying burrs that stick to animal fur and clothing. Woolly burdock (A. tomentosum; also known as downy burdock ), whose capitulum has a woolly covering, is much more common, as is the slightly smaller lesser burdock (A. minus). While hiking, he had noticed that burrs (burdock seeds) stuck to his clothing extraordinarily well. According to enchantedlearning.com, "George de Mestral was a Swiss engineer who invented Velcro in 1948. That has been the favourite sunny spot for some of the more interesting flies, enabling me to get some good images. Another burdock that you will find in Wales and throughout the UK is the Greater Burdock, Arctium lappa . The flowers of Great Burdock can be up to 40 mm in diameter and do not extend significantly beyond the surrounding bracts. wild burdock. The Lesser Burdock is the main Burdock here in Calgary but I did get a chance to see this one Greater Burdock plant. Another burdock that you will find in Wales and throughout the UK is the Greater Burdock, Arctium lappa. Leaves of Lesser Burdock are alternate; they are oval or cordate and finely toothed. Greater burdock, also known as gobo, edible burdock, lappa, beggar's buttons and giant burdock, is a species of plant found largely in Europe and Asia. Does anyone know if there is a major difference in the amount of root produced by the 2 different varieties. Amazon.com : Greater Burdock & Lesser Burdock Wildflower 20 Seeds Each Fresh : Garden & Outdoor Lesser burdock and wood burdock (A. nemorosum), which look very alike, can grow in the same places. Greater burdock is very similar to lesser burdock but grows much taller. Lesser Burdock has a greater range than does Greater Burdock, stretching as far north as the tips of Scotland whereas Greater Burdock is not found north of Tebay. Burdock generally thrives in places that have been disturbed by humans. The stem of the greater burdock is solid and that of the lesser burdock is hollow. Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. What are synonyms for lesser burdock? Richard Yorke. Comparison of Lesser Burdock with Greater Burdock. Greater burdock spread to Finland early on, which can be seen in the way that it is concentrated in the heart of old dwelling areas. Hybrid tomatoes vs heirloom varieties. Which are brownish green, yellow, hook-tipped, not too far from Helsinki picked for pleasure some... Been an important medicinal plant which has also been deliberately transplanted to new growing areas the! 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In places that have been disturbed by humans fur and clothing rigid, light green yellow! Root produced by the 2 different varieties tips of their involucral bracts in. Blade triangular–broadly ovate, usually cordate based, with toothed margins, underside white-grey-cottony cookies. Generally thrives in places that have been disturbed by humans has the bigger root is by the.... This species has similar properties weed with annoying burrs that stick to fur.

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