Cross to the country I’m giving to the People of Israel. Land of the Hittites - These are generally reputed to have been the most hardy and warlike of all the Canaanitish nations; and as they occupied the mountainous countries on the south of the land of Canaan, it is natural to suppose that they would be the most difficult to subdue, and on this account, it is supposed, God particularly specifies these: "Ye shall subdue and possess even all the land of the Hittites," but it is probable that under this one term all the other nations are included, as it is certain they are in other places under the term Amorites. - War, book iii. All Rights Reserved. Be “Prosperous” and “Successful” 3. Cross this Jordan River, you and all the people. 1. It begins with God commissioning Moses’ successor, Joshua, to lead the Israelites across the Jordan River to take possession of the land that had long ago been promised to their forefather Abraham (Josh 1:1–5; compare Gen 17:8). "Commentary on Joshua 1:4". 1.Now after the death of Moses--Joshua, having been already appointed and designated leader of Israel ( Num 27:18-23), in all probability assumed the reins of government immediately"after the death of … This is enough for any man seeking to do God's will. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". I will be with you: Victory is assured not because Joshua is a great leader, or because Israel is a great nation, but because God is a great God, and He says to Joshua, I will be with you. What was even Moses without his God? Even the first words in this book show it to be a continuation of the preceding, and intimately connected with the narrative in the last chapter in Deuteronomy, of which I suppose Joshua to have been the author, and that chapter to have originally made the commencement of this book, Deuteronomy 34:1-12; (note). See Deuteronomy 34:1-4, and see Joshua 1:4; (note) below. He has way every where, and all things serve the purposes of his will. (1) Moses is dead, and God speaks to Joshua. And seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark. Whatever affairs of this world we have to mind, we must not neglect the one thing needful. Whatever affairs of this world we have to mind, we must not neglect the one thing needful. Moses is gone now, and God tells Joshua that He has given the land of Canaan to the children of Israel, they only have to go take it with courage and strength. How the Lord spoke is uncertain. Those who are obedient to God lack no manner of thing that is good. He who was called to honour, had been long used to business. The utmost of their limits should be from the desert of Arabia Petraea on the South to Lebanon on the North: and from the Euphrates on the East to the Mediterranean Sea on the West. He is charged to meditate therein day and night, that he might understand it. He is to encourage himself with the promise and presence of God. Prepare you victuals - צדה tsedah, such prey or provisions as they had taken from the conquered countries, such as corn, oxen, sheep, etc. I have given Jericho into your hand, its king, and the mighty men of valor. "Panium is thought to be the mountain of Jordan, but in reality it is carried thither in an occult manner from the place called Phiala. It is always full, without ever sinking or running over. Jordan's visible stream arises from this cavern, (Panium), and divides the marshes and fens of the lake Semechon; and when it has run another hundred and twenty furlongs, it first passes by the city Julias, and then passes through the middle of the lake Gennesareth, after which, running a long way over the desert, it empties itself into the lake Asphaltites." This expression "Be strong" does not mean "Be strong in body," but "Be strong in mind;" "Be strong in spirit;" "Be brave." The book begins with the history, not of Joshua's life (many remarkable passages of that we had before in the books of Moses) but of his reign and government. Joshua's Installation as Head of the Nation Joshua 1:1-5 The Book of Joshua opens with his elevation to leadership after the death of Moses. Hence he is ever showing them that even those great men had nothing but what they had received, and that they were as fully dependent upon himself as the meanest of the people. (16-18). Our Lord Jesus took upon him the form of a servant. Biblical Meditation 2.2. Now therefore arise, go over this Jordan, you and all this people, into the land that I am giving to them, to the people of Israel. 1 Now after the death of Moses the servant of the Lord it came to pass, that the Lord spake unto Joshua the son of Nun, Moses' minister, saying, 2 Moses my servant is dead; now therefore arise, go over this Jordan, thou, and all this people, unto the land which I do give to them, even to the children of Israel. Toward the sun-rising - This is the East, as toward the going down of the sun signifies the West. He shall be put to death - This was martial law; he who disobeyed the command of his general should be put to death. From all this we may learn, that when God has a great work to accomplish, he will provide himself suitable instruments; and though one which he has greatly honored, appear to fail, we should know that he is not confined to work by that one alone. Is it not strange that at the death of Moses utter despair had not overwhelmed the whole camp, as he whom they expected to give them rest had died before any conquest was made in Canaan? I was with Moses — To assist him against all his enemies, and in all the difficulties of governing this stiff-necked people, which Joshua might justly fear no less than the Canaanites. Now then, you and all these people, get ready to cross the Jordan River ( C ) into the land ( D ) I am about to give to them ( E ) —to the Israelites. Joshua 1:9. Joshua 1:5. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. It was only their unfaithfulness to God that rendered the conquest in any case difficult. All that thou commandest us we will do - Here they acknowledge the Divine mission of Joshua, as they had done that of Moses, and consequently promise to follow his directions in all things. Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. The book and chapter 1 of Joshua begins with God guiding and preparing Joshua for the work he must do for the children of Israel. Joshua 1 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. He will as surely support his Church on earth, as he will support the earth itself; and while the sun and moon endure, the Church shall flourish: this is for his own honor, and he certainly is more concerned for his own glory in the administration of justice, judgment, and salvation in the earth, than any of the children of men can possibly be. What It Meant For Joshua 3.2. He who was called to honour, had been long used to business. Let not the sense of thine own infirmities dishearten thee; God is all-sufficient. Joshua had no bridge or boats, and yet he must believe that God, having ordered the people over, would open a way. It is likely that Joshua heard God speak in the still small voice that Elijah heard (1 Kings 19:12). Great sea: The Mediterranean, called great in respect of the lakes in the land of Judea, such as the sea of Gennesareth, or the sea of Tiberias, and the Dead Sea, which were comparatively small lakes; but the Hebrews gave the name of sea, ים yam, to every large collection of waters. There are exegetical commentaries, scholarly and technical commentaries, as well as commentaries that are easy to understand. Though there was a copy of the law laid up in the sanctuary, yet this was not sufficient. Armed - חמשים chamushim, by fives; in several lines, five in front, probably the usual method of marching; but it seems to signify arrayed, equipped, accoutred, well-armed, and ready for battle. In this chapter, I. 7. This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth - The law which had already been written by Moses, and from which he and the people were to take all those precepts by which their lives were to be governed. Moses being dead, God commissions Joshua to bring the people into the promised land, Joshua 1:1, Joshua 1:2. From the wilderness and this Lebanon - Joshua appears to be standing with his face towards the promised land, and pointing out the different places, or their situation, with his hand, This Lebanon, etc. Instructions are given him by Infinite Wisdom, and encouragements by the God of all consolation. Benson Commentary Joshua 1:1. Joshua says to the people, Ye shall pass over Jordan, and shall possess the land; because God had said so to him. 1451.) The servant of the Lord — This title is given to Moses here and Joshua 1:2, as also Deuteronomy 34:5, and is repeated not without cause, to reflect honour upon him, to give authority to his laws and writings, in publishing whereof he acted as God's servant, in his na… It was necessary, therefore, that they should give him the most positive assurance that they would not act as their fathers had done. In vv. Joshua must himself be under command; no man's dignity or dominion sets him above the law of God. The best Joshua commentaries are listed below. Remember the word - He puts the Reubenites, etc., in remembrance of the engagements they had made with Moses (See Numbers 32:20;) when he granted them their portion on the east side of Jordan. Our Lord Jesus, as Joshua here, was borne up under his sufferings by a regard to the will of God, and the commandment from his Father. In this chapter we have an account of the renewal of Israel's victories. Commentary 3.1. The Lord appoints Joshua to succeed Moses. This list of commentaries is intended to help the reader understand and apply the author’s message in the book of Joshua. Memorization (b.c. “As for me and my household, we will serve the LORD” appears in all sorts of formats from quilts and doilies to plaques in kitchens and all other sorts of Christian kitsch. After the death of Moses— Either immediately after it, or when the days of mourning for Moses were expired. It has been supposed that the words, Every place that the sole of your foot shall tread upon, were intended to express the ease with which they were to conquer the whole land, an instance of which occurs in the taking of Jericho. The text therefore is supposed to mean, Prepare victuals for three days' march, for "on the third day after your decampment from Shittim ye shall pass over this Jordan.". We find, however, that they are not discouraged; he who gave them Moses, has now given them Joshua in his place; and they had now fully learned that if God be for them, none could be successfully against them. Joshua commands the officers to prepare the people for their passage over Jordan, Joshua 1:10, Joshua 1:11. 3 I will give you every place where you set your foot, ( F ) as I promised Moses. After the death of Moses — Either immediately after it, or when the days of mourning for Moses were expired. They put their tents by … Sermon Bible Commentary. Updated: Tue, 01/17/2017 - 20:17 By admin. Joshua 1 Resources. Joshua Joshua 1, Commentary, Analysis, KJV, Bible. Let’s turn to the first chapter in the book of Joshua. The sole of your foot shalt tread upon - That is, the whole land occupied by the seven Canaanitish nations, and as far as the Euphrates on the east; for this was certainly the utmost of the grant now made to them; and all that was included in what is termed the promised land, the boundaries of which have already been defined. Only the Lord thy God be with thee - Provided God be with thee, as he was with Moses, we will implicitly obey thee. I’m giving you every square inch of the land you set your foot on—just as I promised Moses. God will not have them who refuse to help themselves. He is again exhorted to courage, with the promise of continued support, Joshua 1:9. Joshua Directed and Encouraged. We honour the truth of God, when we stagger not at the promise of God. And Joshua himself, for attempting to encourage them against their fears, was near being stoned to death. Verse 1 – Moses and Joshua were extremely blessed in that God spoke with them directly. May we be enabled to enlist under the banner of the Captain of our salvation, to be obedient to his commands, and to fight the good fight of faith, with all that trust in and love his name, against all who oppose his authority; for whoever refuses to obey him must be destroyed. x., sect. He requires the use of every power and talent he has given; even Joshua himself must be strong and very courageous, and the people must obey him in all things, in order that they may go over the Jordan to possess the good land; and without this they had never got into the promised rest. (10-15) The people promise to obey Joshua. To this the people agreed, and it was essentially necessary in order that proper discipline should be kept up in this great army. You shall march around the city, all you men of war; you shall go all around the city once. By insubordination their fathers had suffered much in the wilderness; they rejected the authority of Moses, mutinied and made themselves a leader to conduct them back to Egypt. v1 Early in the morning, Joshua and all the *Israelites left the city of Shittim. Text 2. (5-9) Preparation to pass over Jordan. Your wives, your little ones - And with these it appears, from Numbers 32:17, were left behind 70,580 effective men to guard them and their property; only 40,000 having passed over Jordan to assist the nine tribes and half to conquer the land. Joshua is to make the law of God his rule. Into the book of Joshua we go. See the note on Exodus 13:18. The two tribes and a half were to go over Jordan with their brethren. Law 2.3. Joshua Images and Notes. 1. (1-4) God promises to assist Joshua. Commanded the officers - שטרים shoterim . Now then, you and all these people, get ready to cross the Jordan River into the land I am about to give to them —to the Israelites. The Israelites did not possess the full extent of this grant till the days of David. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 1:5-9 Joshua is to make the law of God his rule. See 2 Samuel 8:3, etc., and 2 Chronicles 9:26. The time referred to here must have been at the conclusion of the thirty days in which they mourned for Moses. 1 After the death of Moses the a servant of the Lord, the Lord said to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses’ b assistant, 2 “Moses my servant is dead. Forsake thee — I will not leave thee destitute, either of inward support, or of outward assistance. ADAM CLARKE Commentary on Joshua. CHAPTER 1. ; for the word signifies prey, or what is taken by hunting, etc. For within three days ye shall pass - Calmet contends, with great appearance of truth, that these three days should be reckoned from the first day of their encamping at Jordan, three days after the return of the spies, i.e., on the eighth day of the first month, on the tenth of which they passed over Jordan. He is again exhorted to courage, with the promise of continued support, 9. The removal of useful men should quicken survivors to be the more diligent in doing good. This Old Testament lesson has been excerpted from the second farewell speech of Joshua (see Joshua 23 for the first farewell speech). And we see him doing this throughout the book of Joshua. It signifies God's prime minister, the person by whom he issued his orders, and by whom he accomplished all his purposes and designs. chap. 1. But the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets. Joshua 24 is a famous text, mostly for verse 15, which is the climactic verse in the lectionary selection. Joshua 1:8 "This book of the law shall not depart from your mouth, but you shall meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do according to all that is written in it; for then you will make your way prosperous, and then you will have success. Putting it into practice, however can be rather difficult — requiring much strength and courage (Jos 1:6). 1 After the death of Moses the servant of the Lord, the Lord said to Joshua son of Nun, Moses’ aide: 2 “Moses my servant is dead. Verses 1-4 Joshua had attended upon Moses. Go over this Jordan - The account given by Josephus of this river may not be unacceptable here. Joshua was appointed and declared Moses’s successor in the government before this time; and here he receives confirmation from God therein. This origin of the Jordan was not known till the time of Philip, tetrarch of Trachonitis, who having ordered some chaff to be thrown in at Phiala, it was found at Panium. The shoterim have been supposed to be subordinate officers, whose business it was to see the decisions of the shophetim carried into effect. All his orders to the people, and his judgments, must be according to the law of God. See Joshua 4:13. It was a privilege for them that they could hear directly from the Lord. When God, by his providence, has given us rest, we ought to consider what service we may do to our brethren. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. Joshua is assured of victory over all his enemies, and is exhorted to courage and activity, Joshua 1:5, Joshua 1:6; and to be careful to act, in all things, according to the law of Moses, in which he us to meditate day and night, Joshua 1:7, Joshua 1:8. The statement, "The Lord spake unto Joshua," or something to the same effect, occurs three times in the narrative of the crossing (3:7; 4:1, 15). The two tribes and a … At this place and at this time the banks were overflowed. Moses my servant - The word, servant, as applied both to Moses and Joshua, is to be understood in a very peculiar sense. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/joshua-1.html. After the death of Moses the servant of the LORD, it came to pass that the LORD spoke to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses’ assistant, saying: The Book of Joshua. Calmet conjectures that the shoterim here may have been the heralds of the army like those so often met with in Homer, who were called the messengers both of the gods and men; who bore sceptres, and whose persons were ever held sacred. Though God had promised him that no man should be able to stand before him, yet it was on condition that he should use all his military skill, and avail himself to the uttermost of all the means, natural and providential, which God should place within his reach. These were different from the שפטים shophetim, who were judges among the people, and whose business it was to determine in all civil cases. While it was a blessing, it was also a responsibility. The best we can ask of God for our magistrates, is, that they may have the presence of God; that will make them blessings to us, so that in seeking this for them, we consult our own interest. An order like this could not have been a mere mockery, an order which Joshua was unable to obey. The extent of the land to be possessed, Joshua 1:3, Joshua 1:4. 1. Clarke (1760-1832) was Methodist, Wesleyan, Arminian, (e.g., Clarke "suggested that although God can know all future events, He chooses not to know some events beforehand" Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible, page 808).He did not always interpret Scripture literally and so was amillennial (to quote Clarke on 1000 years - "I am satisfied that this period should … - Sept. Be strong therefore, and play the man to the uttermost. Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary. For instance, we’ll see God delivering the enemies of Israel into their hands. 3 Every place on which the sole of your foot treads, I have given it to you, just as I spoke to Moses. 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