( Rom 4:1-3) Abraham was not justified by works, but declared righteous through faith. God promised Abraham that his descendants would be made into many nations. (6) Nothing gives more glory to God than simple faith in His word, especially when all things seem to render the fulfilment of it hopeless ( Romans 4:18-21 ). Purpose of Writing: As with all Paul’s epistles to the churches, his purpose in writing was to proclaim the glory of the Lord Jesus Christ by teaching … These key words are found in Romans 4, verses 3,5,11,12,13,14,16,18,19,20, and 24. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. 4 Now, when someone works, the wages for this are not considered as a favour but as due;. Romans 4:4. It is plain, that we are not justified by the merit of our own works, but by faith in Jesus Christ and his righteousness; which is the truth urged in this and the foregoing chapter, as the great spring and foundation of all comfort. But believeth, his faith is imputed to him for righteousness — Therefore God's affirming of Abraham, that faith was imputed to him for righteousness, plainly shows that he worked not; or, in other words, that he was not justified by works, but by faith only. That justification is by faith: That it is free for the gentiles. THE FOREGOING DOCTRINE OF JUSTIFICATION BY FAITH ILLUSTRATED FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT. << Previous | Index | Next >>. And therefore it was imputed, &c.--"Let all then take notice that this was not because of anything meritorious in Abraham, but merely because he so believed.". 4 What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, discovered in this matter? 20. But to him that worketh not — It being impossible he should without faith.. faith is made void--the whole divine method is subverted. Though Israel is now under God's discipline he has not rejected her. The meaning plainly is that Abraham believed in the promises which embraced Christ ( Genesis 12:3 , 15:5 , &c.), as we believe in Christ Himself; and in both cases, faith is merely the instrument that puts us in possession of the blessing gratuitously bestowed. Paul uses this illustration to prove that Gentiles were part of this promise given to Abraham. A. Abraham is declared righteous through faith. Note, (1) The doctrine of justification by works, as it generates self-exaltation, is contrary to the first principles of all true religion ( Romans 4:2 ; and (2) The way of a sinner's justification has been the same in all time, and the testimony of the Old Testament on this subject is one with that of the New ( Romans 4:3 , &c., and (3) Faith and works, in the matter of justification, are opposite and irreconcilable, even as grace and debt ( Romans 4:4 Romans 4:5 ; and be, in any sense or to any degree, the ground of justification. What does Romans chapter 4 mean? the blessedness of the man unto whom the Lord imputeth righteousness without works--whom, though void of all good works, He, nevertheless, regards and treats as righteous. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Second: David sings of the same justification. of But to him that worketh not--who, despairing of acceptance with God by "working" for it the work of obedience, does not attempt it. For the same reason, the first requisite, in order to justification, must be (under the conviction that we are "ungodly") to despair of it by works; and the next, to "believe in Him that justifieth the ungodly"--that hath a justifying righteousness to bestow, and is ready to bestow it upon those who deserve none, and to embrace it accordingly. 6 David says the same thing when he speaks of the blessedness of the one to whom God credits righteousness apart from works: 5 however, when someone, without working, puts faith in the one who justifies the godless, it is this faith that is reckoned as uprightness.. 6 David, too, says the same: he calls someone blessed if God attributes uprightness to that person, apart from any action undertaken: Because the law worketh wrath--has nothing to give to those who break is but condemnation and vengeance. . Throughout this whole argument, faith is set in direct opposition to works, in the matter of justification--and even in Romans 4:4 Romans 4:5 . Of course, in the spiritual realm we really do not make discoveries. was not to Abraham or to his seed through the law--in virtue of obedience to the law. Their proper use is to set a divine seal upon a state already existing, and so, they presuppose, and do not create it ( Romans 4:8-12). Romans 4 - A Study Guide by Mark A. Copeland. Romans 4 is proof that faith has always been the means for justification. 16, 17. The KEY WORDS in Romans chapter 4 are "believe" and "faith." (7) All the Scripture examples of faith were recorded on purpose to beget and encourage the like faith in every succeeding age ( Romans 4:23 Romans 4:24 ; and compare Romans 15:4 ). our offences--that is, in order to expiate them by His blood. 2. L et’s take a close look at Romans chapter 3 and study it together and add some personal commentary to it. Chapter Overview: Having proved it by argument, he now proves by example, and such example as must have greater weight with the Jews than any other. This chapter is a development of the thought expressed in Rom. (4-5) A distinction made between grace and works.. Now to him who works, the wages are not counted as grace but as... 3. (5) As Abraham is "the heir of the world," all nations being blessed in him, through his Seed Christ Jesus, and justified solely according to the pattern of his faith, so the transmission of the true religion and all the salvation which the world will ever experience shall yet be traced back with wonder, gratitude, and joy, to that morning dawn when "the God of glory appeared unto our father Abraham, when he was in Mesopotamia, before he dwelt in Charran," Acts 7:2 ( Romans 4:13 ). Saying, Blessed, &c.--( Psalms 32:1 Psalms 32:2 ). Paul’s desire to visit Rome. For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God--"If works were the ground of Abraham's justification, he would have matter for boasting; but as it is perfectly certain that he hath none in the sight of God, it follows that Abraham could not have been justified by works." Instead, God reveals himself and his plan to us. 18-22. Who against hope--when no ground for hope appeared. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. 9-12. 1-3. 23-25. He has earned it. his faith. Your email address will not be published. Romans 16:22 indicates that Paul used a man named Tertius to transcribe his words. Romans 4:1. Romans 4:14 "For if they which are of the law [be] heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of … believed in hope--that is, cherished the believing expectation. Date of Writing: The Book of Romans was likely written A.D. 56-58. 3 What does Scripture say? 4:28-29 near the close of Rom. Romans 4:1 "What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found?" 2 If, in fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something to boast about—but not before God. (4) The sacraments of the Church were never intended, and are not adapted, to confer grace, or the blessings of salvation, upon men. What does Romans chapter 2 mean? (Read Romans 4:23-25) The history of Abraham, and of his justification, was recorded to teach men of after-ages; those especially to whom the gospel was then made known. As it is written, &c.--( Genesis 17:5 ). The meaning, therefore, cannot possibly be that the mere act of believing--which is as much a work as any other piece of commanded duty ( John 6:29 , 1 John 3:23 )--was counted to Abraham for all obedience. David also describeth--"speaketh," "pronounceth." 15. is the reward not reckoned of grace--as a matter of favor. that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be--that is, Such "as the stars of heaven," Genesis 15:5 . Salem Media Group. Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. This is a summary of the fourth chapter of Romans, the most important verse, and what I think God is wanting us to do in response to it. The theme of chapter four concerns a great “discovery” made by our Father Abraham. Romans 11 - God will regather Israel’s grace remnant for blessing. Abraham was blessed by God because of he accepted the covenant with Him. 13-15. (8) Justification, in this argument, cannot be taken--as Romanists and other errorists insist--to mean a change upon men's character; for besides that this is to confound it with Sanctification, which has its appropriate place in this Epistle, the whole argument of the present chapter--and nearly all its more important clauses, expressions, and words--would in that case be unsuitable, and fitted only to mislead. It is given as a free gift. Romans 4:1-25 . him whom he believed--that is, "Thus Abraham, in the reckoning of Him whom he believed, is the father of us all, in order that all may be assured, that doing as he did, they shall be treated as he was." The same is probably true even regarding many “discoveries” made in the secular world. The Book of Romans is among my favorites in the entire Bible. Abraham's was justified as God's gift to him. Romans 4. This is still further illustrated in what follows. Abraham was not justified by works. Romans Chapter 4 discusses how circumcision is not what makes a person righteous, but it is a sign … For the promise, &c.--This is merely an enlargement of the foregoing reasoning, applying to the law what had just been said of circumcision. Israel's temporary rejection, foreknown by God, will end with regathering and salvation. Therefore, &c.--A general summary: "Thus justification is by faith, in order that its purely gracious character may be seen, and that all who follow in the steps of Abraham's faith--whether of his natural seed or no--may be assured of the like justification with the parent believer.". Romans 4:5. but was strong in faith, giving glory to God--as able to make good His own word in spite of all obstacles. 4, 5. For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. Abraham Justified by Faith. our justification--As His resurrection was the divine assurance that He had "put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself," and the crowning of His whole work, our justification is fitly connected with that glorious act. Proud member For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. The key personalities in the book of Romans are the Apostle Paul, and Phoebe who delivered this letter. 3 For what does the Scripture say? 5. "THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS" Chapter Four OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To understand how Abraham was justified in God's sight 2) To see that the "righteousness" God imputes to man is actually justification (i.e., forgiveness) 3) To comprehend the nature of justifying faith by considering the example of Abraham … It the longest and the most famous of all the Apostle’s writings to Christians at Rome whom he hoped soon to visit. And we are all certain to receive it, … And being fully persuaded, &c.--that is, the glory which Abraham's faith gave to God consisted in this, that, firm in the persuasion of God's ability to fulfil his promise, no difficulties shook him. 25. Who was delivered for--"on account of." 4 Now to the one who works, wages are not credited as a gift but as an obligation. And, as always, he gives full credit for every good thing to his Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. This book has caused many to come to saving faith as they are walked down the Roman Road of Romans 3:23, Romans 6:23 and many others. 2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but u not before God. The book of Romans is a Pauline Epistle (letter from Paul). As such, God named the “father of all nations.”. 21. 22. A summary of Romans, chapter by chapter, from @biblesummary. Paul concludes his comments about his beloved Israel. As circumcision merely "sealed" Abraham's already existing acceptance with God, so with the sacraments of the New Testament. 1. for where there is no law, there is no transgression--It is just the law that makes transgression, in the case of those who break it; nor can the one exist without the other. A. Abraham is declared righteous through faith. All Rights Reserved. The Old Testament proves it (as shown by Abraham and David)! The Book of Romans Chapter 4. 16 And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification. What shall we say then that Abraham, our father as pertaining to the flesh, hath found?--that is, (as the order in the original shows), "hath found, as pertaining to ('according to,' or 'through') the flesh"; meaning, "by all his natural efforts or legal obedience.". CHAPTER WISE SUMMARY: Chapter#1: Greetings. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. Romans is an invaluable document of the early church because it is a methodical portrayal of the gospel that Paul preached. before--that is, "in the reckoning of." 6-8. Romish expositors and Arminian Protestants make this to mean that God accepted Abraham's act of believing as a substitute for complete obedience. (1-3) Abraham was not justified by works, but declared righteous through faith.. What then shall we say that Abraham... 2. Beginning in Romans 3, Paul continues his explanation in a pattern he regularly follows throughout … But God having made the promise, Abraham believed Him in spite of those obstacles. 19. he considered not, &c.--paid no attention to those physical obstacles, both in himself and in Sarah, which might seem to render the fulfilment hopeless. 1. The Apostle Paul wrote it roughly about 56-57 A.D. All rights reserved. That is to say, to him who hopes to be saved by his works, to whom salvation is of merit. (4) The sacraments of the Church were never intended, and are not adapted, to confer grace, or the blessings of salvation, upon men. Summary. but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly--casts himself upon the mercy of Him that justifieth those who deserve only condemnation. Romans 4 focuses on the faith of Abraham. But this is at variance with the whole spirit and letter of the apostle's teaching. Abraham believed God, and it--his faith. Do not talk about grace in that case. God did not grant him this promise because of the things he did, but rather because of his faith in God. Justification By Faith As Presented In Romans Four {It is the belief of the writer that JUSTIFICATION BY FAITH involves: a heart bowed in loving allegiance to and trust in Jesus Christ, which produces voluntary and unqualified submission to His authority, expressed in obedience. 16-17 So the promise is received by faith. Genesis 15:6 says clearly that Abraham believed God and that faith—his trusting belief in God—was counted to Abraham as righteousness. and raised again for--"on account of," that is, in order to. Their proper use is to set a divine seal upon a state already existing, and so, they presuppose, and do not create it ( Romans 4:8-12 ). He staggered--hesitated not . For what saith the, Scripture? 24. to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe in him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead--in Him that hath done this, even as Abraham believed that God would raise up a seed in whom all nations should be blessed. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. 3, that is, the vindication of God's righteousness in calling Jews and Gentiles in one body, that of Christ, with no distinctions between them. Cometh this blessedness then, &c.--that is, "Say not, All this is spoken of the circumcised, and is therefore no evidence of God's general way of justifying men; for Abraham's justification took place long before he was circumcised, and so could have no dependence upon that rite: nay, 'the sign of circumcision' was given to Abraham as 'a seal' (or token) of the (justifying) righteousness which he had before he was circumcised; in order that he might stand forth to every age as the parent believer--the model man of justification by faith--after whose type, as the first public example of it, all were to be moulded, whether Jew or Gentile, who should thereafter believe to life everlasting.". Beyond all doubt it means exclusively a change upon men's state or relation to God; or, in scientific language, it is an objective, not a subjective change--a change from guilt and condemnation to acquittal and acceptance. 14. was counted to him for righteousness--( Genesis 15:6 ). In Romans 2, Paul springs a bit of a trap for religious people, especially for religious Jews living under the law. Justification is by faith and not by works. This is quoted to justify his calling Abraham the "father of us all," and is to be viewed as a parenthesis. Paul wrote the letter to the believers in Rome, hence the name “Romans”. even God, quickeneth the dead--The nature and greatness of that faith of Abraham which we are to copy is here strikingly described. Author: Romans 1:1 identifies the author of the Book of Romans as the apostle Paul. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. that he should be the heir of the world--or, that "all the families of the earth should be blessed in him." Verses: A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of Romans taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. Romans 4-5 New International Version (NIV) Abraham Justified by Faith. Now, &c.--Here is the application of this whole argument about Abraham: These things were not recorded as mere historical facts, but as illustrations for all time of God's method of justification by faith. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. Paul reflects back to the Old Testament patriarchs who were justified by faith, not works, to illustrate his point. 7, 8. 4 What then shall we say was gained by Abraham, t our forefather according to the flesh? God wasn't paying him back for something. 3. . 4:13-17 It was not through law that there came to Abraham or to his seed the promise that he would inherit the earth, but it came through that right relationship with God which has its origin in faith. but of debt--as a matter of right. In the second half of Romans 1, Paul described the downward progression followed by humanity in our sin. As circumcision merely "sealed" Abraham's already existing acceptance with God, so with the sacraments of the New Testament. 5 However, to the one who does not work but trusts God who justifies the ungodly, their faith is credited as righteousness. The Book of Romans. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Abraham and David Demonstrate Righteousness Apart from Works. How do we know this? Introduction. In the first chapter the Apostle had announced that ‘the righteousness of God’ was revealed in the Gospel, which is on that account the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth. ON ROMANS - CHAPTER 4 ROMANS 4:1-25 THIS chapter beautifully connects with all that precedes it. And the best evidence that this is the key to the whole argument is, that it opens all the wards of the many-chambered lock with which the apostle has enriched us in this Epistle. He has worked for the reward. For if they which are of the law be heirs--If the blessing is to be earned by obedience to the law. but through the righteousness of faith--in virtue of his simple faith in the divine promises. David here sings in express terms only of "transgression forgiven, sin covered, iniquity not imputed"; but as the negative blessing necessarily includes the positive, the passage is strictly in point. 17. And to this agree the words of Scripture. Romans 10:3-4 “For, being ignorant of the righteousness of God, and seeking to establish their own, … Now to him that worketh--as a servant for wages. Paul closes his letter with some helpful advice for the Romans and some shout-outs to his friends in Rome. Please leave your own comment so that we can all learn from one another. What he was required to believe being above nature, his faith had to fasten upon God's power to surmount physical incapacity, and call into being what did not then exist. 15:6 says clearly that Abraham, our forefather according to the law heirs... ) Abraham was blessed by God, so with the sacraments of the New Testament heirs -- the! Being impossible he should without faith in spite of those obstacles -- has nothing to give to those who only. The blessing is to be saved by his blood believing expectation is among my favorites in the promises... “ father of all nations. ” romans chapter 4 summary chapter and verse by verse study of Romans the! 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